Promoting the Use of Native Plant Species in the Home Landscape

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Plant Leaf

Full Plant

Plant Berry/Flower

Latin Name: Celtis occidentalis

Flower Description:

Flowers are greenish-to yellow 1/4 inch across and lack petals. There are 4-6 spreading septals. Male flowers appear at the base of new branchlets and have 4-6 brown stamens. Female flowers are singles or doubles from the leaf axis. Flower stalks can be hairy or smooth and are about 3/8 inch long when in flower and grow to 3/4 inch long with fruit. Fruit is round and berry-like, 1/4-1/2 around, ripening from green to dark maroon in late summer.

Season BloomSpring
HabitatThe Hackberry tree's growth varies widely based upon habitat. The tree itself is not showy, nor does it have remarkable fall color. That said, it is of high value to birds including quail, pheasants, woodpeckers, and cedar waxwings. Further, it is a host for the Question Mark, Mourning Cloak, and American Snout butterflies.
Leaf DescriptionLeaves are glossy green, ovate and lanceolate. The base is rounded and the margins are serrated. 2.5- 4 inches long and 2.5-5 inches wide.
Soil Type Wet
Light Source Partial Shade, Sun