Promoting the Use of Native Plant Species in the Home Landscape

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Eastern Hemlock or Canadian Hemlock

Plant Leaf

Full Plant

Plant Berry/Flower

Latin Name: Tsaga canadensis

Flower Description:

The crown is broadly conic, while the brownish bark is scaly and deeply fissured, especially with age. Leaves are evergreen needles, arranged in two rows, with an extra row of flattened needles on the top of stems. Needles are 1/2″ long and flattened, medium green color.

Season Bloom
HabitatGrows well in shade, does not tolerate nutrient-poor soils, wet soils or poorly drained sites. This tree does not tolerate heat, drought, or urban conditions. Shelter from strong winter winds to avoid winter burn. Attracts birds, browsers, mammals.
Leaf DescriptionMale and female flowers on the same tree, but in different structures (monoecious). Not ornamentally important.
Soil Type Wet
Light Source Shade, Sun, Partial Sun