Promoting the Use of Native Plant Species in the Home Landscape

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Michigan Holly

Plant Leaf

Full Plant

Plant Berry/Flower

Latin Name: Ilex verticillata

Flower Description:

White flowers. Bright scarlet fruit grows in clusters and persists throughout winter. Only female produces fruit, and must have a male nearby for pollination.

Season BloomApril - July
HabitatGrows in wet areas near swamps, ponds, or wet woods. Prefers rich, acidic soils. Hardy. Can tolerate partial shade, but will produce more fruit if planted in full sun. Wildlife uses as cover, nesting site, nectar-insects, fruit-birds. Larval Host to Henrys Elfin butterfly. Special value to Honey Bees.
Leaf DescriptionLong, oval, green leaves that turn brown to black in autumn.
Soil Type All Types
Light Source Shade, Partial Shade, Sun
LocationShoreline, Rain Garden, Woodland